Bitcoin’s true share of the total market capitalization for all cryptocurrencies could be as high as above 90%, Forbes reported on Aug. 22.
While mainstream crypto data aggregators have been pointing to a dominance level of around 70%, analysts at Arcane Research have calculated that the real level may be much higher.
Liquidity must be taken into account
Arcane Research has argued that to get a more accurate measure of Bitcoin’s dominance, liquidity should be factored into the equation. They write:
“One might be able to sell one token for 3 dollars, but what happens if you want to sell 1 million? Without accounting for liquidity, market capitalization becomes a meaningless measure.”
Using trading volume as a simple indicator of liquidity — with the concession that a more sophisticated measure could be constructed for more granular results — Arcane Research has re-calculated the volume-weighted market capitalization of the cryptocurrency market.
Their findings point to a new figure of above 90% for Bitcoin — over 20% higher than other estimates.
The researchers conducted two parallel analyses — one based on data from CoinMarketCap and one confined to the 10 cryptocurrency exchanges identified by Bitwise Asset Management as having reliable (i.e. not wash traded or manipulated) volume.
Arcane Research notably excluded stablecoins from the equation, arguing that such asset-pegged currencies do not compete with cryptocurrencies that have a self-sustained intrinsic value.
Such an eye-popping level of market dominance, the researchers state, make it less and less likely that other cryptocurrencies can compete with Bitcoin as a money. Network effects, they write, are all the more decisive when it comes to money, “where liquidity is everything.”
Such robust dominance has implications not only for investors but for those developing payments infrastructure, as well as for projects that rely on the underlying security of a public blockchain. This notwithstanding, the study does include the caveat that:
“It is notoriously difficult to compare and contrast different projects targeting different niches. […] For crypto, one could argue that the whole idea of measuring the relative strength of different coins and tokens falsely implies a competition between complementary solutions.”
As reported earlier this month, outspoken Bitcoin advcate and former Wall Street trader Max Keiser recently commented on Bitcoin’s surging dominance levels, arguing that “the 2014-2017 era of alts and hard forks is dead.”
Bitcoin’s current dominance, as measured by CMC, is at a level not seen since April 2017.